Advanced Materials: TechConnect Briefs 2015Advanced Materials TechConnect Briefs 2015

Nanoparticle Synthesis & Applications Chapter 5

Batch Sorption of Ciprofloxacin on Kaolinitic Clay and nHematite Composite: Equilibrium and Thermodynamics Studies

F.A. Adekola, H.I. Adegoke, I.O. Abdulsalam
University of Ilorin, Nigeria

pp. 276 - 277

Keywords: adsorption kinetics and thermodynamics, ciprofloxacin, hematite nanoparticles, composite materials, scanning electron microscopy

Ciprofloxacin is a second generation fluoroquinolone antibiotic of high use. It has a high aqueous solubility and a long environmental half-life. In this study nanoparticles of hematite and hematite-kaolin composite were prepared and characterized using X-ray diffraction, X-ray fluorescence, Scanning electron microscopy, Fourier transform infra-red spectroscopy and UV-visible spectroscopy analysis. The prepared materials were applied for the sorption of Ciprofloxacin from aqueous solution. The effects of contact time, initial CIP concentration, pH and temperature were experimentally studied in batch mode to evaluate the adsorption capacity, kinetic, thermodynamic and equilibrium. Under the established experimental conditions the adsorption reached equilibrium in about 60 mins and the optimum adsorption capacity attained was 16 x10-6 mol/g between pH of 5and 9 for hematite-kaolin composite. Ciprofloxacin uptake per unit mass was found to decrease with increase in adsorbent dosage. The adsorption process was found to be exothermic. The dynamic drug uptake data was applied to various kinetic models and their order of fitness was found to be Pseudo-second order > Elovich equation > Intra-particle diffusion > Pseudo-first order. It was found that the data fitted best with Temkin > Dubinin-Radushkevich > Freundlich > Langmuir, as indicated by their regression values.