Materials for Energy, Efficiency and Sustainability: TechConnect Briefs 2015Materials for Energy, Efficiency and Sustainability TechConnect Briefs 2015

Materials for Sustainability & Efficiency Chapter 9

Estimation on autocatalytic reaction on ethanolamine –A green approach

A.C. Huang, C.M. Shu
National Yunlin University of Science and Technology, Taiwan

pp. 299 - 302

Keywords: derivatives of ethylene oxide, organic chemicals, thermal analysis technology

In recent years, ethanolamine is not only used to be an important major material of organic chemicals but also the most valued product among amino alcohols. However, ethanolamine might catch fire automatically when ethanolamine mixed with peroxide or nitrocellulose due to its thermal instability and high sensitivity to thermal sources. Moreover, runaway reactions happened on the process of ethanolamine will bring with severe damage to equipment, people, and environmental impact. Therefore, it is necessary to provide safety information regarding the decomposed mechanism and thermal hazard characteristics by using thermal analysis technology. As a green approach, the aim of this study is to obtain thermal safety parameters, such as apparent exothermic onset temperature, maximum temperature, heat of decomposition, self-heating rate, pressure rise rate, maximum pressure, by vent sizing package 2. The results will be used effectively to calculate the optimal parameters for process safer design and establish the database of ethanolamine for loss prevention protocol.