Advanced Materials: TechConnect Briefs 2015Advanced Materials TechConnect Briefs 2015

Nanoparticle Synthesis & Applications Chapter 5

Visible and Infrared emission from Erbium Oxide nanoparticle, for optical and biomedical applications

M. Maqbool
Ball State University, United States

pp. 273 - 275

Keywords: erbium oxide nanoparticles, light emission, luminescence enhancement

Light emitting nanoparticles are getting special attention due to their use in optical technology and biomedical applications. The present work reports light emission from Erbium Oxide nanoparticles. The nanoparticles, with 43 nm diameter, were obtained in the form of nanopowder with 99.9% purity. These nanoparticles were characterized for their light emission under a 532 nm Nd:YAG laser excitation. A Photoluminescence (PL) system, made by Princeton Instrumentation, was used to detect fluorescence emission from the nanoparticles. The PL system consisted of Pixis brand CCD camera with a range of 300 to 2000 nm. The Erbium Oxide nanoparticles were also mixed in distilled water to obtain spectrum. Two emission peaks were observed around 554 nm and 813 nm from the Erbium Oxide nanoparticles. The green emission at 554nm was obtained as a result of 4I15/2 →4S3/2 transition, and the near infrared emission from 4I15/2 →4I13/2 transition. The process was also repeated in vacuum and it was found that the green emission enhances tremendously when the nanoparticles are excited in vacuum. This enhanced luminescence from the Erbium Oxide nanoparticles shows their potential importance in the optical devices and biomedical applications.